Just Clean Janitorial Services

How To



To improve the attractiveness of the floor's surface by increasing the gloss.

Supplies and Equipment

Supplies and equipment used for dust mopping and damp mopping
  • "Floor Hazard" signs
  • Floor machine
  • Use any of these pads:
  • Buff/Polish Pad (natural fiber)
  • Tan Buffing Pad (nylon)
  • White Polishing Pad (polyester)


  1. Prepare the area for buffing:
    1. Place "Floor Hazard" signs in easy-to-see locations near the entrances into the area being buffed.
    2. Move supplies and equipment into area.
    3. Dust mop area to be buffed
    4. Damp mop area if necessary
  2. Using the floor machine with a buffing pad, buff the floor area by:
    1. Starting along the baseboards at the farthest corner from the entrance into the room.
    2. Moving backward toward the entrance about 10' at a time, buff the room using a side to side motion overlapping the strokes. Use a side to side motion in the buffing operation as shown in the illustration below.
  3. After buffing the entire floor area, use a clean, treated dust mop to pick up dust left from the buffing operation
  4. Clean the equipment. Store supplies and equipment.


After following this floor buffing procedure, the floor's appearance will be cleaner and glossier.

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To remove build-up of water resistant soil, black heel marks, or heavy dirt deposits from the floor.

Supplies and Equipment

Supplies and equipment used for dust mopping and damp mopping
  • 2 buckets on cart or dolley (one scrub, one rinse)
  • Wringer
  • "Floor Hazard" signs
  • Wet mops (cotton or blend)
  • Cleaning solution (neutral cleaner)
  • Fresh water
  • Squeegee Scrubbing pads: use either
    • - scrub/spray clean pad, or
    • - Nylon scrub pad
  • Floor machine
  • Wet/dry vacuum


  1. Prepare area :
    1. place "Floor Hazard" signs in easy-to-see locations at entrances to area where floor is being scrubbed.
    2. dry dust or vacuum floor.
    3. move furniture. Work around heavy furniture which cannot be moved. Tilt file cabinets and put on blocks.
    4. set equipment in area where work will begin.
  2. Follow instructions for using cleaning solution and pour into bucket until ¾ full. Fill second bucket ¾ full with fresh water. Caution: Do not use stripper or butal cleaners as they will attack floor finish.
  3. Dip mophead into cleaning solution. Wring slightly and apply to area about 7 ft X 7 ft. Let stand 2 to 3 minutes
  4. Machine scrub the wet area using either scrub/ spray clean pad or nylon Scrub Pad.
  5. Using a squeegee, move the soiled water to a central point. Pick up either with a wet/dry vacuum or mop up with a mophead.
  6. Repeat procedure in sections 7 ft X 7 ft each until entire floor has been scrubbed. Overlap edges of scrubbed surfaces so no streaking will occur.
  7. After floor has been scrubbed, use a mop to apply fresh water to the floor. Next, squeegee rinse water to a central point. Then either use a wet/dry vacuum to pick up the rinse water or mop up with a mophead.
  8. If needed, apply a coat of finish. Finish need be applied only when worn down in heavy traffic areas. Caution: Too much finish on a floor will require stripping.
  9. After the floor dries, re¬place the furniture.
  10. Clean and dry equipment. Store equipment and supplies.
  11. Hose or flush the scrub pad with hot running water. Hang scrub pad on wall in storage area to dry.


By following this procedure the floor will be clean and free of soil and heavy dirt deposits which are water resistant.

A Back Saving tip

When using the floor machine, remember...
  1. Mount the floor pad; adjust the handle waist high.
  2. keep your back straight. Bend your knees a little.
  3. rest the machine handle against you, then turn on the machine.
  4. hold both handles to maintain control of the machine.
  5. Lift up on the handel to move right. Press down on the handel to move left.

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To clean a floor by removing water soluble stains and soil.

Supplies and Equipment

  • 2 buckets on a cart or dolley
  • Wringer
  • "Floor Hazard" signs
  • Cleaning solution
  • Fresh water
  • Good Cotton Mop


  1. Prepare area :
    1. place "Floor Hazard" signs in easy-to-see locations at entrances to the room or area.
    2. dust mop floor.
    3. move furniture as needed for easier mopping.
    4. set equipment in area where work will begin. When mopping a room, start at the farthest corner and work backward toward the door. Keep the bucket on the unmopped portion of the floor where it cannot be tripped over.
  2. Follow instructions for using the cleaning solution and pour into bucket until it is 314 full. Fill the second bucket ¾ full with fresh water.
  3. Dip mophead into cleaning solution and wring mophead out slightly.
  4. When wet mopping a hallway, first mop the floor along the edge of the baseboard. The mop-head should just touch the base board while mopping that part of the floor.
    When mopping a room, place the mophead at the baseboard 3' to 4' away from the corner and mop toward the corner. Repeat this mopping method with the baseboard on the other side of the corner.
  5. Mop the open floor area by moving the mop side to side in a figure eight motion. Overlap each stroke as you move back
  6. Each time both sides of the mophead are soiled, rinse mophead in fresh water bucket and wring mophead. Change water as needed.
  7. Again dip mophead into cleaning solution and repeat procedure until floor has been wet mopped.
  8. When using cleaning solutions which have to be rinsed, rinse the floor using only fresh water.Start at the farthest corner of the room and repeat the figure eight motion used in wet mopping to rinse.
  9. After the floor has dried, re¬place any furniture that was removed for mopping.
  10. Clean equipment. Store equipment and supplies.


By following this procedure for wet mopping, all stains and soils which are water soluble (water can remove them) should be re¬moved from the floor, leaving a clean, fresh floor.


When using a mop, remember
  1. Keep your back straight. Do not twist your spine.
  2. Bend at the knees a little.
  3. Use the arm muscles to move the mop in a figure eight motion.
  4. Hold the mop handle at a 15° angle from vertical.

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The useful life of cleaning tools and supplies (excluding solutions and cleansers) depends on:

  1. the quality and design of the products being used
  2. how the products are used
  3. how well the tools are maintained.

This How To gives many helpful hints about caring for floor pads, mops and buckets. By following these hints the user/custodian can extend the useful life of many of the tools and supplies used in her/his work.

Floor Pads

Floor pads come in a variety of colors and sizes and are made from materials that are designed to do specific jobs. The following general tips about floor pad care can extend the life of a floor pad.

  1. Carefully install the pad onto the machine so it is centered. A floor pad that is not centered will wear unevenly and will create a safety hazard since the machine is more difficult to control.
  2. When using the floor machine do not bump into objects. If a pad rotating on a floor machine hits furniture or some other object, the pad can tear or snag.

Since floor pads are made of different materials, using the correct cleaning method for each type of pad is important.

  1. For natural fiber pads, clean by using the center die cut piece from the pad or a medium bristle brush and brush away the accumulation from the pad.
  2. For a polyester or nylon pad use one of these three methods:
    1. soak the pad in stripping solution until dirt is softened or loosened, then rinse using a water hose.
    2. wash under high pressure water.
    3. launder in lukewarm water.

Hang the pads in a storage area to dry after cleaning them.


Most synthetic mopheads contain a fiber coating which makes the mophead less absorbent. Also, new cotton mopheads do not absorb as well as they do after some use since their fibers are still coated with natural oils. Therefore, before using a new mop, wash it in soap and tepid water and rinse well.

Mopheads are made of cotton, rayon, or blends of materials. Cotton mopheads are satisfactory for most floor care procedures except finishing/waxing. Rayon mopheads leave little lint, so a rayon mophead is better to use when finishing/waxing a floor than cotton. Since cotton holds water better, it is better for drying floors.

Best for…

Mophead Yarn

Floor drying


Leaving less lint


No breaking in time


Wetting Rayon






Always use a clean mophead when scrubbing, sealing, or applying a finish. Use old mopheads for applying stripping solutions.

Do's and Don'ts for Mopheads

    Do ...

  1. clean (rinse well or launder) mophead after each use.
  2. hang mophead to air-dry after each use.
  3. launder mopheads in a synthetic mesh laundry bag.
  4. have a mophead for each procedure (scrubbing, etc.)

    Do not ...

  1. leave mophead in chemicals or cleaning solutions even for short periods of time.
  2. twist the mophead in the wringer since it weakens the fibers when the pressure is applied.
  3. bleach mophead or use it with a solution with bleach.
  4. wash in water over 160 ° F or dry in temperature above 150 ° F.


Buckets should be checked before and after each use for cleanliness. Even a slightly dirty bucket will contaminate fresh water or solutions.

To save time cleaning the bucket when applying a sealer or finish, put a plastic trash bag (liner) in the bucket, then pour the sealer or finish into the lined bucket. After completing the job, take the plastic bag with the remaining solution out of the bucket and dispose of properly.
When a job is completed and the buckets have been cleaned, put them in the storage area upside­down. Be sure to put the buckets where people will not trip over them. Wringers should be rinsed thoroughly and wiped dry.


Following these hints can increase the useful life of floor pads, mops, and buckets.

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  • Equipment Repairs & Refurbishing
  • Stripping, Sealing & Polishing of Terrazzo, Clay and Vinyl Tiles
  • Flood Clean Up
  • Pressure Washing
  • Rug/Carpet Laundry
  • Upholstery Cleaning

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